ADVOCACY BRIEF

By https://www.sandiegopsychiatricsociety.org/author
April 13, 2020

           

Agenda Item:  Caring for Immigrant Patients and Families in our Community

Key points:

  • San Diego County is currently home to 3.1 million residents with approximately 21.5% of the county's population being immigrants, including refugees, who come from other countries (1).
  • The relationship between immigration and mental health has significant implications for both psychiatric symptomatology and public health outcomes.
  • Recent policy changes have led to decreased accessing of medical and mental healthcare services by legal residents of San Diego and Imperial Counties.
  • The San Diego Psychiatric Society has joined with the American Psychiatric Association to issue statements opposing the widespread separation of children and families, and calling for humane care for asylum seekers at the U.S. border
  • Multiple medical societies have issued statements against changes to “Public Charge” criteria on the grounds that it worsens the health and safety of patients, families, and communities (3).
  • A 2019 JAMA study found that the “public charge rule would likely cause millions of children to lose health and nutrition benefits, including many children with specific medical needs that, if left untreated, may contribute to child deaths and future disability (4).”

Inadmissibility on “Public Charge” Grounds:

  • Introduced by Trump Administration on Aug 14, 2019, in effect Feb 24, 2020
  • Under the new rule, federally-funded Medicaid, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly known as food stamps), Section 8 housing assistance and federally subsidized housing will be used as evidence that a green card or visa applicant is inadmissible under the public charge ground. All use of cash aid, including not just TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) and SSI but also any state or local cash assistance program, could make an individual inadmissible under the public charge ground. The rule allows immigration officers to consider English proficiency (positive) or lack of English proficiency (negative), a person’s credit score, medical conditions and whether the person has access to private health insurance (5).

Here are some messages that physicians may consider when communicating with patients and families:

  • I do not care about your immigration status, will not ask about it, and am here to help you.
  • You do have rights and resources. It's important to know them.
  • I am here to support you in keeping your family together.
  • I care about the health and well-being of you and your family.

The Impact of Changes to the Public Charge Rule on Immigrants Living in the U.S.

UCSD US Immigration Policy Center

http://usipc.ucsd.edu/publications/usipc-public-charge-final.pdf

News Release: San Diego Unified Addresses Concerns Regarding New Public Charge Rule, Encourages Families to Continue With Free and Reduced Lunch

https://www.sandiegounified.org/newscenter/news-release-san-diego-unified-addresses-concerns-regarding-new-public-charge-rule-encourages

Immigrants Afraid of Trump’s ‘Public Charge’ Rule Drop Food Stamps, MediCal

References

For questions or further information please contact SDPS Advocacy Committee chair, Eric Rafla-Yuan, MD at eraflayuan@ucsd.edu or Executive Director, Michelle Gallice at gallicemichelle@sandiegopsychiatricsociety.org

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